Insurance Sector

Forgery involves a false document, signature, or other imitation of an object of value used with the intent to deceive another. Those who commit forgery are often charged with the crime of fraud. Documents that can be the object of forgery include contracts, identification cards, and legal certificates.

Below are the classes of forgery commonly encountered:

        No attempt is made by the forger to imitate the genuine signature of the person purportedly signing the document.
        There is an attempt to imitate the genuine signature by some method of tracing of a model signature.
        There is a freehand attempt to simulate the genuine signature from a model.
        The document and the purported signer are fictitious.
        A "cut & paste" job wherein a genuine signature, or copy thereof, is transferred from some authentic source to a fraudulent document.

Other disputed signatures include those which are genuine but which were disguised, or written in some illegible manner, by the writer for the purpose of later deniability; and signatures which, though genuine, the author either has no memory of executing or is unwilling to accept as genuine.

It is possible for the document examiner to identify a document or signature as a forgery, but it is much less common for the examiner to identify the forger. This is due to the nature of handwriting in that, while the forger is attempting to imitate the writing habit of another person, the forger is, at the same time, suppressing his own writing habit, thereby disguising his own writing.

In attempting to either disguise one's own writing or imitate that of another, the briefer the body of writing the easier it is to continue the disguise. As the writing becomes more extended, the greater the probability that one's own subconscious habit will intrude itself into the disguise attempt.

There are no reliable methods of predicting from the writing whether the author was male or female, or right-handed or left-handed.


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CFK associates is a pan African consulting firm with its headquarter in Nairobi Kenya. We are leaders in digital risks and investigations in the region. We have strong network of associates specializing in different areas of profession.

Our vision is to be the leader and set pace in digital forensics in Africa

Our mission is to provide our clients with world class experience through service provision.

Our slogan: "We deliver on promise"

What is Digital Forensics?

Digital forensics is the scientific process of capturing (imaging) and analyzing information stored in any electronic format, for the purpose of investigating allegations, to find the truth, with no predisposition as to the outcome. It is a highly technical discipline requiring a combination of unique skills relating to computer technology and software, formal investigative experience (law enforcement), proper evidence handling methods, and judgment. Computer forensics can be the key to:

  • Learning the truth
  • Taking appropriate action based on the facts
  • Winning the case.

At CFK we specialize in the listed services:

  • Digital Forensics (Computers and Mobile devices)
  • CyberSecurity Strategies and Management
  • Inappropriate Data Duplication
  • Private Investigation of Cellphone/Mobile Phone
  • Cyber Fraud and Money Laundering Investigation
  • Documents examination
  • Industrial Espionage
  • Online Brand Protection
  • Internal Corporate Investigation
  • Breach of Contract
  • Computer Break-ins
  • Digital Pornography
  • Inappropriate Internet Usage
  • Internet Abuse
  • Inappropriate Email Usage

Area of operation

We operate in the whole of Africa through our extensive network of associates who represents us in their respective countries